Titre : On the development and use of higher-order asymptotics for solving inverse scattering problems.
Année : 2016
Type : thèse
Auteurs : R. Cornaggia
Résumé : The purpose of this work was to develop new methods to address inverse problems in elasticity,taking advantage of the presence of a small parameter in the considered problems by means of higher-order asymptoticexpansions.The first part is dedicated to the localization and size identification of a buried inhomogeneity $BTrue$ in a 3Delastic domain. In this goal, we focused on the study of functionals $Jbb(Br)$ quantifying the misfit between $BTrue$and a trial homogeneity $Br$. Such functionals are to be minimized w.r.t. some or all the characteristics of the trialinclusion $Br$ (location, size, mechanical properties ...) to find the best agreement with $BTrue$. To this end, weproduced an expansion of $Jbb$ with respect to the size $incsize$ of $Br$, providing a polynomial approximationeasier to minimize. This expansion, established up to $O(incsize^6)$ in a volume integral equations framework, isjustified by an estimate of the residual. A suited identification procedure is then given and supported by numericalillustrations for simple obstacles in full-space $Rbb^3$.The main purpose of this second part is to characterize a microstructured two-phases layered1D inclusion of length $ltot$, supposing we already know its low-frequency transmission eigenvalues (TEs). Thoseare computed as the eigenvalues of the so-called interior transmission problem (ITP). To provide a convenient invertiblemodel, while accounting for the microstructure effects, we then relied on homogenized approximations of the exact ITPfor the periodic inclusion. Focusing on the leading-order homogenized ITP, we first provide a straightforward method torecover the macroscopic parameters ($ltot$ and material contrast) of such inclusion. To access to the period of themicrostructure, higher-order homogenization is finally addressed, with emphasis on the need for suitable boundaryconditions.
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Référence : Université Paris-Saclay